Chapter 32

Egypt
The most significant territorial loss for the Ottomans was
Hong Xiuquan
Leader of the Taiping Rebellion
Fiercely opposed to the Tanzimat reforms
The young ottomans were
Russians
A defeat in the Crimean War stopped expansion by the
The emancipation of the serfs
The key social reform in russia was
A massive program of railway construction
The centerpiece of Sergei Witte’s russian industrial policy was
Were terrible and left the workers receptive to revolutionary propaganda
The working conditions of the growing Russian industrial class in St.Petersburg and Moscow
The British threat to the grand canal
The decisive point in the opium war
Hong Xuiquans belief that he was the reincarnation of the Buddha
Not one of the principles of the Taiping Rebellion
Distrust among the foreign powers
By the end of the nineteenth century, the only thing keeping China from being completly divided up into spheres of influence by
Americans
Japan was forcibly opened to foreign trade in 1853 by the
They understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to avoid commercial and or imperial domination by either one
The Meiji reformers activiley copied the western Europeans and Americans because
Russo-Japanese War
The event that best displayed Japans rise to the level of a world power was their victory in the
Sultan Abdul Hamid II
Push to except the constitution and establish representation in government within a year; suspended constitution ruled autocratically for 30 years developed army and administration according to Tanzanite principles
The Young Ottomans were
A group who agitated for individual freedom, local autonomy, and political decentralization (leading supporters of the Tanzimat reforms)
Islam as the guiding principle in public life
Was not one of the leading principles pf the young turks
Alexander Ii
Prime mover behind russian industrialization was
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